ESRS, CSRD, and the Role of Energy Traceability in a Low-Carbon Economy

In the realm of corporate sustainability, the European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS) and the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) stand as pivotal frameworks driving corporate accountability and transparency. These frameworks set the stage for companies to disclose their environmental and social impacts transparently. ESRS provides a comprehensive framework for sustainability reporting, promoting transparency and accountability across European markets. CSRD, building upon ESRS, mandates larger companies to disclose sustainability information, further enhancing consistency and comparability in reporting practices. Together, ESRS and CSRD represent a unified approach towards advancing corporate sustainability practices and promoting sustainable development in the EU and beyond. 

At the heart of sustainability lies the imperative to curb carbon emissions. Carbon reduction initiatives are essential in mitigating the adverse effects of climate change, and ESRS provides a structured approach for businesses to measure, manage, and disclose their carbon footprints. By adopting ESRS, companies can meticulously track their Scope 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which predominantly stem from purchased electricity, heating, and cooling. Scope 2 GHG emissions are a critical focus area as they represent a substantial portion of a company's overall carbon footprint. Through ESRS, organizations can identify opportunities for emission reductions, optimize energy consumption, and bolster their commitment to environmental stewardship.

On the subject of carbon accounting, Energy Attribute Certificates (EACs) are instrumental in GHG Protocol Scope 2 methodology. Traditionally, Scope 2 emissions were assessed using location-based methods, which didn't consider renewable energy purchases. However, EACs allow for market-based accounting, enabling organizations to reduce emissions by contributing in renewable energy projects. By purchasing EACs, companies not only neutralize their environmental impact but also stimulate the growth of renewable energy infrastructure. This shift promotes sustainability by accurately reflecting a company's commitment to reducing its carbon footprint through tangible actions.

As businesses strive to align their operations with environmental, social, and governance (ESG) principles, understanding the intricate relationship between ESRS, CSRD, and energy traceability becomes paramount. In essence, ESRS, coupled with robust carbon reduction strategies and the utilization of EACs, offer a roadmap for organizations to navigate the transition towards a low-carbon economy. By embracing these standards and practices, businesses can align their operations with global sustainability goals, drive innovation, and pave the way for a greener, more resilient future. 






Companies must disclose their total energy consumption, broken down by source (renewable vs. non-renewable).  



The CSRD may require companies to provide details on the sources of energy used in their operations, enhancing traceability.


Energy Usage

Reporting on the percentage of energy derived from renewable sources is likely to be mandated.

Emissions Reporting

Energy-related emissions must be reported, encouraging companies to track and mitigate their carbon footprint.

Disclosure Requirements

Specific details about energy traceability, such as methodologies used and data reliability, may be required in disclosures.


Verification processes for reported energy data may be introduced to ensure accuracy and reliability.


Non-compliance with energy traceability reporting requirements may result in penalties or other regulatory actions. 

Table 1 demonstrates an analysis of the relationship between CSRD and energy traceability in different areas.

At Spritju, we offer a flexible platform that simplifies the trading and management of EACs. By providing this innovative solution, Spritju significantly contributes to the market-based accounting method, empowering businesses to seamlessly navigate the complexities of the energy certificate market while unlocking significant value along the way. Here is a closer look at the key benefits and value propositions that Spritju brings to the table:

Cost Reduction: Spritju sets a new benchmark by delivering a substantial 20% reduction in the costs associated with EAC procurement. This not only translates to direct cost savings for businesses but also enhances overall efficiency and competitiveness in the marketplace.

Granularity Enhancement: Traditionally, energy certificates have been offered on an annual basis, providing limited insight and flexibility. However, Spritju revolutionizes this landscape by increasing the granularity of certificates by an impressive 8760 times. By transitioning from yearly to hourly products, Spritju ensures that businesses have access to highly detailed and accurate data, enabling them to make more informed decisions and optimize their energy strategies effectively.

Auditability and Transparency: In addition to cost savings and granularity enhancements, Spritju prioritizes auditability and transparency within its platform. By leveraging blockchain technology, Spritju ensures that all transactions are securely recorded and tamper-proof, providing stakeholders with unparalleled visibility into the entire lifecycle of EACs. This not only instills trust and confidence but also facilitates compliance with regulatory requirements and industry standards.


Value Proposition

Relevant CSRD Provisions

Cost Reduction

Energy Consumption Reporting: Identify inefficiencies to reduce

energy consumption and subsequent cost.

Renewable Energy Usage Reporting: Highlight investments in renewable   energy sources for potential cost-saving.

Verification: Ensure the accuracy of reported data to avoid unnecessary    expenses or missed opportunities.

Granularity Enhancement

Energy Traceability: Offer detailed information on energy sources

for more targeted sustainability efforts.

Disclosure Requirements: Mandate detailed disclosures to provide deeper insights into energy management practices.

Renewable Energy Usage Reporting: Provide transparency on the types and origins of energy consumed.

Verification: Provide assurance of data reliability for informed decision-making.

Auditability and         Transparency

Emissions Reporting: Transparently report energy-related emissions for  environmental accountability.

Compliance:Demonstrate compliance with energy traceability requirements for stakeholder trust.

Disclosure Requirements: Enhance transparency through clear documentation of energy traceability methodologies.

Table 2 indicates how Spritju value propositions are related to CSRD provisions.


To sum up, ESRS and CSRD are crucial in bolstering corporate accountability and transparency regarding environmental and social impacts, with ESRS offering a comprehensive approach and CSRD mandating disclosure for larger companies. Central to this effort is the imperative to reduce carbon emissions, facilitated by ESRS's structured framework for measurement and management. Utilizing EACs is crucial for organic emission reduction and supporting renewable energy. Embracing these standards drives alignment with global sustainability goals and fosters innovation towards a greener future. Spritju streamlines EAC trading, offering cost reduction, granularity enhancement, and enhanced auditability, facilitating the transition to a low-carbon economy.


Image source: Image by pikisuperstar  on Freepik
 Nazila Ravan

About the Author

Nazila Ravan
Ahmad Karnama

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